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Capital Gains Tax: Private Residence Relief

The government is currently consulting on important changes to private residence relief that are likely to be introduced from 6 April 2020. 

The two possible changes, announced in the Autumn 2018 Budget are: 

1) Firstly to reduce from 18 months to just 9 months the period prior to disposal that counts as a period of ‘deemed occupation’. 

The final period exemption was for many years 36 months and was always intended to cover situations where the taxpayer was “bridging” and waiting to sell their previous residence. 

However, 36 months was felt to be too generous and was allegedly being abused by a strategy known as “second home flipping”. 

As a result the final period relief was restricted to the current 18 month period of deemed occupation a couple of years ago. The latest proposal is to restrict still further to 9 months although it will remain at 36 months for those with a disability, and those in or moving into care. 

2) The second is to limit “letting relief” to periods where the taxpayer is in shared occupation with the tenant. 

Lettings relief currently provides a further exemption for capital gains of up to £40,000 per property owner. 

The additional relief was introduced in 1980 to ensure people could let out spare rooms within their property on a casual basis without losing the benefit of PRR, for example where there are a number of lodgers sharing the property with the owner. 

In practice lettings relief extends much further than the original policy intention and also benefits those who let out a whole dwelling that has at some stage been their main residence. 

It is those situations that the government appear to be attacking under the proposed changes. 

Note that those who are renting their property temporarily whilst working elsewhere in the UK or working abroad are unlikely to be affected by this change as there are alternative reliefs available under those circumstances. 

Please speak with Ian Parsonage by calling 0151 348 8400 if you are likely to be affected by the proposed changes as it may be worth considering disposing of the property before the new rules are introduced from 6 April 2020.

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